Drug Therapy and Medications for Cerebral Palsy
Medications may be used to treat symptoms of cerebral palsy (CP). As with many forms of drug therapy, a certain amount of experimentation may be required before optimum results are achieved.
Seizures—No single drug controls all types of seizures, and no two patients respond identically to any given drug. Medications are divided into first-generation anticonvulsants (older medications) and second-generation anticonvulsants (more recently developed).
Spasticity—The muscle relaxants diazepam (Valium) and dantrolene (Dantrium) may be prescribed to control muscle contraction (myoclonus). These drugs reduce spasticity for short periods, and their long-term value is uncertain. The long-term effect of these drugs on a child’s developing nervous system is unknown.