Ankylosing Spondylitis-Few Important Facts
Facts About Ankylosing Spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a form of arthritis that affects the joints in the spine. It can cause inflammation (redness, heat, swelling, and pain) in the spine or vertebrae.
In some people, the condition can affect other joints. The shoulders, ribs, hips, knees, and feet can be affected. It can also affect places where the tendons and ligaments attach to the bones. Sometimes it can affect other organs such as the eyes, bowel, and very rarely, the heart and lungs.
AS affects the axial skeleton and sacroiliac joints, causing characteristic inflammatory back pain, which can lead to structural and functional impairments and a decrease in quality of life.
Affected joints progressively become stiff and sensitive due to a bone formation at the level of the joint capsule and cartilage. It causes a decreased range of motion and gives the spine an appearance similar to bamboo, hence the alternative name “bamboo spine”.
Early diagnosis and treatment helps to control the pain and stiffness and may reduce or prevent significant deformity.